Publication History: This article is based on "Crain's Dipmeter Omnibus" by E. R. (Ross) Crain, P.Eng., first published in 2003, and updated annually until 2016. This webpage version is the copyrighted intellectual property of the author.

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True Stratigraphic / True Vertical Thickness
True stratigraphic and true vertical thickness are important in dipping beds and in deviated holes, since reservoir volume depends on these properties and not the measured thickness. The formulas are documented in "The Log Analyst and the Programmable Calculator" by R. Bateman and C. Konen in The Log Analyst, Mar 1979.



Definitions of the terms are illustrated below.

Geometry for TVD, TVT, and TST calculations

      1: TST = MT * (Cos WD * Cos DIP - Sin WD * Sin DIP * Cos (HAZ - AZM))
      2: TVT = TST / Cos DIP

  AZM = true dip azimuth
  DIP = true dip angle
  HAZ = azimuth of hole direction relative to true north
  MT = measured thickness (feet or meters)
  TST = true stratigraphic thickness (feet or meters)
  TVT = true vertical thickness (feet or meters)
  WD = well deviation angle

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