This article is based on
"Crain's Dipmeter Omnibus" by E. R. (Ross) Crain, P.Eng., first
published in 2003, and updated annually until 2016.
webpage version is the copyrighted intellectual
property of the author.
Do not copy or distribute in any form without explicit
True Stratigraphic / True Vertical
True stratigraphic and true vertical thickness are important in
dipping beds and in deviated holes, since reservoir volume depends
on these properties and not the measured thickness. The formulas
are documented in "The Log Analyst and the Programmable Calculator"
by R. Bateman and C. Konen in The Log Analyst, Mar 1979.
Definitions of the terms are illustrated below.
Geometry for TVD, TVT, and TST calculations
1: TST = MT * (Cos WD * Cos DIP - Sin WD * Sin DIP * Cos (HAZ
2: TVT = TST / Cos DIP
AZM = true dip azimuth
DIP = true dip angle
HAZ = azimuth of hole direction relative to true north
MT = measured thickness (feet or meters)
TST = true stratigraphic thickness (feet or meters)
TVT = true vertical thickness (feet or meters)
WD = well deviation angle